made of stone, osseous materials, pottery and metal

through traces and residues analyses of archaeological artefacts

Technological and Functional Analyses

Laboratory of Technological and Functional Analyses of Prehistoric Artefacts

The Laboratory of Technological and Functional Analyses of Prehistoric Artefacts (LTFAPA) is specialised in technological and functional analyses, performed through experimental archaeology, traces and residues analyses of archaeological artefacts made of stone, osseous materials, pottery and metal.

Experimental archaeology, traces analysis, residues analysis have a firmly established methodology, and are applied now systematically in prehistoric contexts and they are spreading also in protohistoric and historic ones. The LTFAPA standard approach is an integration of the three approaches for the interpretation of the Past.

A reference collection of replicas of archaeological objects owning traces produced via controlled experimental protocols is a key part of our laboratory. LTFAPA has a reference collection of technological and use-wear traces developed on more than 1500 replicas of knapped lithic tools and macro-lithic tools plus a reference collection of various osseous, pottery, metal tools replicas and a reference collection of plant, animal, and mineral residues. The reference collection is accessible to students and scholars for educational and scientific purposes.

The laboratory is equipped with high-tech optical equipment (transmitted and reflected light stereomicroscopes; reflected, transmitted and confocal light metallurgical microscopes equipped with high-definition cameras; electron scan microscope equipped with an EDX probe; digital microscope).

The laboratory is not entirely dedicated to research activities but is also a place where undergraduate and graduate students can learn how to analyse stone, osseous, pottery, metal tools through the application of a morpho-techno-functional approaches and to organise and to process the obtained data through data entry in dedicated databases.

Events

October 2021

Rock and Roll: 13th International Symposium of Knappable Materials

Almost one century ago, S.A. Semenov’s research promoted a renewed approach to Prehistoric tools. His aim was the analysis of tool function as a way to unveil the characteristics of past societies. Since then, functional studies have been constantly improved thanks to the contribution of numerous specialists and the incorporation of new experimentations and means of observation of use-wear traces and residues. ...
04 - 07 Oct
8:00 am - 6:00 pm
April 2022
No event found!

Our projects

Neolithic levels, Turkey Site excavation director 1993-2018: prof. I.Hodder, Stanford University http://www.catalhoyuk.com Chipped stone tools use-wear analysis Çatalhöyük is a well-known site located in Central Anatolia that…
Torre della Chiesaccia, Casetta Mistici (Copper Age, Latium Italy) References Lemorini C. Caricola I., Nunziante Cesaro S. 2020 4.4. – Le punte foliate dai contesti funerari di Torre della Chiesaccia (Roma): analisi delle tracce d’uso…
Chalcolithic-Bronze Age, Turkey Site excavation director: prof. F.Balossi-Restelli, Sapienza University of Rome Chipped stone tools and macro-lithic tools use-wear and residues analyses Moreover, LTFAPA is dealing also with the…
La Polledrara di Cecanibbio (Lower Paleolitich site, Italy) Chipped stone tools use-wear analysis References Santucci E., Marano F., Cerilli E., Fiore I., Lemorini C.,  Palombo M.R., Anzidei A.P.,  Bulgarelli G.M., (2016),…
Qesem Cave (AYCC), Revadim, Jaljulia (Acheulean) Site excavation director: A.Gopher, R.Barkai, Department of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University TAU LTFAPA project Chipped stone tools use-wear and residues analysis funded by MAECI and…
Venosa Basin, Italy Site excavation director: M.H. Moncel, UMR 7194 HNHP (MNHN-CNRS-UPVD), Département Homme et Environnement, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle LTFAPA project: use-wear and residues analyses of chipped stone tools The…
Lower Paleolithic, Oldowan sites, Kenya http://humanorigins.si.edu/research/east-african-research/ Sites excavation director: T.W.Plummer, Queens College, CUNY & NYCEP, NY, USA. LTFAPA project: use-wear and residues analyses of…
Residues Analysis Lemorini C., Nunziante Cesaro S. (eds.), (2014), An integration of use-wear and residues analysis for the identification of the function of archaeological stone tools, BAR (I.S.), Oxford, pp. 63-76. doi: http//:10.30861/9781407312880 Nucara…
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